Ball and beam model

This post deals describe the model of the ball and beam. The system consists of a long beam which can be tilted by an actuator together with a ball rolling back and forth on top of the beam.

Overview of the ball and beam model

We will make the following assumptions:

Based on the fundamental principle of dynamics and considering that the friction is proportional to the speed, we can write:

$$ m.a = m.\ddot{x} = \sum{\vec{F}} = m.g.sin(\Theta) - b.\dot{x}$$

In conclusion, the differential equation of the system is:

$$ \ddot{x} = - \frac{b}{m} . \dot{x} + g. sin(\Theta) $$

See also

Last update : 12/17/2021