How to install Docker on Ubuntu 22.04?


This page explains how to install Docker on a fresh Ubuntu 22.04. Docker is a containerization technology. Docker provides a way to run applications securely isolated in a container, packaged with all its dependencies and libraries. This makes it easier to deploy and run applications, as everything required to run the application is included in the container. With docker can run any version of Linux distributions, application and services like web servers, database management systems, programming languages...

The following has been tested with these versions:

Update your system

Before installing Docker, start by updating your system with the following command:

sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y

Remove old versions

Don't use apt install docker since the version in the repos in not necessary the last one. To remove a any older version of Docker before attempting to install the last version, run the following command :

sudo apt-get remove docker containerd runc

The output should look like:

Package 'docker' is not installed, so not removed
Package '' is not installed, so not removed
Package 'containerd' is not installed, so not removed
Package 'runc' is not installed, so not removed
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

Set up repository

Before installing Docker, we have to Install the Docker repository. Let's start by installing the following packages:

sudo apt-get install ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release

Create a folder for downloading the Docker's official GPG key:

sudo mkdir -p /etc/apt/keyrings

Download the key:

curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg

Finally set up the repository with the following command:

echo \
  "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.gpg] \
  $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null

Update the apt package index:

sudo apt update

You should see the following lines as output of the last command. It confirms the Docker repository has been properly added.

Get:3 jammy InRelease [48,9 kB]                                
Get:6 jammy/stable amd64 Packages [11,1 kB]

Install Docker

Now that the repository is added, just install docker with the following command:

sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-compose-plugin

Check that docker is working properly by running the hello-world image:

sudo docker run hello-world

This commands downloads the image and runs it in the container. The container prints a confirmation message and exits:

$ sudo docker run hello-world
Unable to find image 'hello-world:latest' locally
latest: Pulling from library/hello-world
2db29710123e: Pull complete 
Digest: sha256:c77be1d3a47d0caf71a82dd893ee61ce01f32fc758031a6ec4cf1389248bb833
Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:latest

Hello from Docker!
This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.

To generate this message, Docker took the following steps:
 1. The Docker client contacted the Docker daemon.
 2. The Docker daemon pulled the "hello-world" image from the Docker Hub.
 3. The Docker daemon created a new container from that image which runs the
    executable that produces the output you are currently reading.
 4. The Docker daemon streamed that output to the Docker client, which sent it
    to your terminal.

To try something more ambitious, you can run an Ubuntu container with:
 $ docker run -it ubuntu bash

Share images, automate workflows, and more with a free Docker ID:

For more examples and ideas, visit:

Docker is installed and works properly.

You can also check the version installed with docker -v:

$ docker -v
Docker version 20.10.22, build 3a2c30b

Run as non-root user

You probably noticed that the test image hello-world has been started with root privileges. The Docker daemon always runs as the root user. To run docker as non-root user, create a group named docker:

sudo groupadd docker

Add the current user to the docker group:

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

Reboot your machine to activate changes. In some case, log out and log back could do the job.

Check that docker can be run without root privileges:

docker run hello-world

That's all folks!

See also

Last update : 12/28/2022